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quarta-feira, 31 de dezembro de 2014

Texto - Miséria, luxo e corrupção - 31-12-2014


 Durão Barroso Caricatura

Miséria, luxo e corrupção

Se Portugal, com os seus modestos 10 milhões de habitantes, apenas consegue oferecer um salário de 500 €uros aos seus diplomados, se ainda por cima (neste caso por baixo), tem cedido ao ultimato de troikas, Banco €uropeu, FMI… e outros tantos agiotas, se incentiva os jovens a “ir ganhar experiência para o estrangeiro”, se organiza o desemprego para que, segundo as sacrossantas regras do liberalismo, o preço do trabalho seja cada vez menos oneroso para os patrões, se se alheia do destino dos seus idosos, jovens, reformados, doentes… Cabe-nos colocar uma questão central: a que servem aqueles que elegemos para dirigirem os destinos do Pais?


Todos sabemos que o capitalismo só tem um único objectivo: permitir ganhar muito dinheiro aos vigaristas mais hábeis e espertos mediante a submissão dos escravos dos tempos modernos que são os trabalhadores.

O escritor francês Emile Zola retrata com realismo e talento, de forma premonitória, os mecanismos do capitalismo, no fim do século XIX, através da descrição da Bolsa e seus agentes, no livro “L’argent”.
  
Já nesses tempos era assim: o Povo trabalhava e os abutres constituíam imensas fortunas à custa da imensa maioria de quem labutava e sobrevivia na miséria; mas, entretanto,  a Sociedade foi-se organizando para constituir um contrapeso social à “manha” do capital, através de Leis que, progressivamente,  foram devolvendo alguma justiça à grande maioria dos menos poderosos… Instaurou-se a Democracia.

Mas actualmente que nos resta do progresso social? Após 40 anos sobre a “Revolução da Esperança”, resta-nos contar os sobreviventes e observar a raiva de muitos que foram espoliados da sua Nação!

Governantes presos, outros a caminho da jaula, banqueiros vigaristas, gatunos que nos retiraram uma vida decente, o pouco que resta de Portugal não vos pertence…Restituam rapidamente os bens que nos pertencem sem esperar pela justiça popular de um dia, tarde ou noite sangrenta.

Em vésperas de Ano Novo desejo a todos os Amigos melhor e feliz vida.

Toulouse, 31 de dezembro de 2014.

JoanMira 


Foto - Parque de Aufrery (Toulouse - France) - 24-11-2014

Parque de Aufrery

24-11-2014
JoanMira

terça-feira, 30 de dezembro de 2014

Astronomy picture of the day - 30-12-2014 - Observatory, Mountains, Universe

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Observatory, Mountains, Universe 
Image Credit & Copyright: Boris Dmitriev (Night Scape)
Explanation: The awesomeness in this image comes in layers. The closest layer, in the foreground, contains the Peak Terskol Observatory located in the northern Caucasus Mountains of Russia. The white dome over the 2-meter telescope is clearly visible. The observatory is located on a shoulder of Mt. Elbrus, the highest mountain in Europe, with other peaks visible in a nearby background layer. Clouds are visible both in front of and behind the mountain peaks. The featured three-image composite panorama was taken in 2014 August. Far in the distance is the most distant layer: the stars and nebulas of the night sky, with the central band of the Milky Way rising on the image right.

sexta-feira, 26 de dezembro de 2014

quinta-feira, 25 de dezembro de 2014

Astronomy picture of the day 2014-12-25 - This Comet Lovejoy

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This Comet Lovejoy 
Image Credit & CopyrightDamian Peach
Explanation: Comet Lovejoy, C/2014 Q2, is framed like a cosmic Christmas tree with starry decorations in this colorful telescopic portrait, snapped on December 16th. Its lovely coma is tinted green by diatomic C2 gas fluorescing in sunlight. Discovered in August of this year, this Comet Lovejoy is currently sweeping north through the constellation Columba, heading for Lepus south of Orion and bright enough to offer good binocular views. Not its first time through the inner Solar System, this Comet Lovejoy will pass closest to planet Earth on January 7, while its perihelion (closest point to the Sun) will be on January 30. Of course, planet Earth's own 2015 perihelion passage is scheduled for January 4. A long period comet, this Comet Lovejoy should return again ... in about 8,000 years.

quarta-feira, 24 de dezembro de 2014

Imagens do Mundo - Surf - Nazaré - Portugal

El pueblo pesquero de Nazaré, a 120 kilómetros al norte de Lisboa, ha sido escenario en los últimos años de hasta tres récords consecutivos de la ola más grande nunca surfeada. Esta semana, la costa portuguesa ha vuelto a recibir una fuerte marejada, pero de momento no se ha logrado batir la ola de 30 metros que el estadounidense Garret McNamara recorrió el en enero de 2013. En la imagen, un surfista no identificado se las apaña para bajar uno de estos gigantes de agua y espuma.

Astronomy picture of the day - 24-12-2014 - IC 1795: The Fishhead Nebula

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IC 1795: The Fishhead Nebula 
Image Credit & Copyright: Bill Snyder (Bill Snyder Photography)
Explanation: To some, this nebula looks like the head of a fish. However, this colorful cosmic portrait really features glowing gas and obscuring dust clouds in IC 1795, a star forming region in the northern constellation Cassiopeia. The nebula's colors were created by adopting the Hubble false-color palette for mapping narrow emission from oxygen, hydrogen, and sulfur atoms to blue, green and red colors, and further blending the data with images of the region recorded through broadband filters. Not far on the sky from the famous Double Star Cluster in Perseus, IC 1795 is itself located next to IC 1805, the Heart Nebula, as part of a complex of star forming regions that lie at the edge of a large molecular cloud. Located just over 6,000 light-years away, the larger star forming complex sprawls along the Perseus spiral arm of our Milky Way Galaxy. At that distance, this picture would span about 70 light-years across IC 1795.

terça-feira, 23 de dezembro de 2014

Morreu Joe Cocker - "Don't let me be misunderstood" - Video - Music


"Don't let me be misunderstood"
Joe Cocker morreu esta segunda-feira aos 70 anos. O cantor, mais conhecido pela cover dos Beatles With A Little Help From My Friends, morreu vítima de cancro do pulmão. Cocker teve uma carreira de mais de 40 anos, com sucessos como You Are So Beautiful, Up Where We Belong, You Can Leave Your Hat On ou Unchain My Heart. Joe Cocker: 'With a Little Help From My Friends' O agente do cantor, Barrie Marshall, avançou a notícia da morte do músico à BBC. Barrie Marshall disse que Joe Cocker "era simplesmente único". "Será impossível preencher o espaço que deixa nos nossos corações ", afirmou o agente. A Sony Music confirmou também a morte do músico em comunicado e avançou a causa do óbito: "John Robert Cocker, mais conhecido pela família, amigos e comunidade de fãs como Joe Cocker, morreu no dia 22 de dezembro de 2014, depois de uma dura batalha contra o cancro do pulmão." As melhores fotos de Joe Cocker Joe Cocker nasceu no dia 20 de maio de 1944 em Sheffield, em Inglaterra, onde viveu até aos 20 anos. Em 2007, foi agraciado pela rainha de Inglaterra. Reações à morte de Cocker Entre os artistas que prestaram tributo a Joe Cocker, está o baterista Ringo Starr, que escreveu no Twitter: "Adeus e que Deus te abençoe Joe Cocker." Para além do ex-Beatle, muitos outros prestaram a sua homenagem: Ronan Keating (cantor) publicou também no Twitter: "Estou muito triste por saber da morte de Joe Cocker. Que voz mais brilhante e única. Paz." Barrie Marshall, agente de Joe Cocker, referiu em comunicado: "É com muito pesar que soube do falecimento do nosso Joe Cocker. Ele foi, sem dúvida, a maior voz de rock/soul a sair da Grã-Bretanha – e continuou o mesmo homem ao longo de toda a vida." O vocalista dos Aerosmith, Steven Tyler, é outro dos famosos a prestar homenagem a Cocker. No Twitter escreveu: "Amamos-te para sempre, vamos sentir sempre a tua falta… Descansa em paz Joe Cocker." Já Bryan Adams escreveu: "Morreu Joe Cocker. Descansa em paz meu bom amigo, foste um dos melhores cantores de rock de sempre." Edgar Berger, pesidente executivo da Sony Internacaional, responsável pelo contrato inicial de Cocker, fez questão de prestar também um pequeno tributo: "Joe Cocker é um artista lendário da história do rock e do blues e, no entanto, era um dos homens mais humildes que já conheci." 
CM - Portugal

Astronomy picture of the day - 23-12-2014 - The Cliffs of Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko

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The Cliffs of Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko 
Image Credit & Licence (CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO)ESARosetta spacecraft, NAVCAM; Additional Processing: Stuart Atkinson
Explanation: These high cliffs occur on the surface of a comet. They were discovered to be part of the dark nucleus of Comet Churyumov–Gerasimenko (CG) by Rosetta, a robotic spacecraft launched by ESA which began orbiting the comet in early August. The ragged cliffs, as featured here, were imaged by Rosetta about two weeks ago. Although towering about one kilometer high, the low surface gravity of Comet CG would likely make a jump from the cliffs, by a human, survivable. At the foot of the cliffs is relatively smooth terrain dotted with boulders as large as 20 meters across. Data from Rosetta indicates that the ice in Comet CG has a significantly different deuterium fraction -- and hence likely a different origin -- than the water in Earth's oceans. The Rosetta spacecraft is scheduled to continue to accompany the comet as it makes its closest approach to the Sun in 2015 August.

segunda-feira, 22 de dezembro de 2014

Imagens do Mundo - Narathiwat - Tailândia

Un buque cerca de la orilla después de haber sido empujado por vientos fuertes durante una tormenta en la ciudad sureña tailandesa de Narathiwat.

Astronomy picture of the day - 22-12-2014 - The Mysterious Methane of Mars

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The Mysterious Methane of Mars 
Illustration Credit: Methane Workshop, Frascati Italy, Villanueva et al. 2009NASA
Explanation: What's creating methane on Mars? Recent measurements from the robotic Curiosity rover currently rolling across Mars indicate a surprising 10-fold increase in atmospheric methane between measurements only months apart. Life is a major producer of methane on Earth, and so speculation is rampant that some sort of life -- possibly microbial life -- is creating methane beneath the surface of Mars. Other possibilities do exist, though, with a leading model being the sudden release of methane produced by the mixing of specific soil chemicals with underground water. Proposed origins of Martian methane are depicted in the featured illustration. The origin of Mars' methane is a very active area of research, with missions like Curiosity and India's Mars Orbiter Mission searching for clues by measuring methane abundance changes and possible byproducts of different methane-producing processes.

sábado, 20 de dezembro de 2014

Les premiers signes de vie sur Mars

 
Ce graphique de la Nasa explique quels pourraient être les sources et le cycle du méthane détecté sur Mars – NASA/JPL-Caltech/SAM-GSFC/Univ. of Michigan
Ce graphique de la Nasa explique quels pourraient être les sources et le cycle du méthane détecté sur Mars – NASA/JPL-Caltech/SAM-GSFC/Univ. of Michigan
Y a-t-il de la vie sur Mars ? On pourrait enfin connaître la réponse à laquestion posée par David Bowie. Le rover Curiosity a en effet découvert des émanations de méthane qui pourraient être des traces d'activité microbienne, et donc de vie. Une information publiée ce 17 décembredans la revue scientifique Science.

C'est aussi ce qu'explique le Dr Simon Foster, un chercheur de l'Imperial College de Londres, interrogé par le quotidien britannique The Daily Telegraph. Sur la Terre, le principal émetteur de ce gaz est l'activité biologique (pour 95 %). Nous émettons nous-mêmes du méthane – ou, plus exactement, précise le chercheur, les bactéries contenues dans notre système digestif synthétisent ce gaz.

Sur Mars, le méthane contenu dans le sol, qui raconte donc l'histoire de la planète, pourrait avoir d'autres sources : la dégradation par le rayonnement solaire d'éléments organiques déposés par des météores, par exemple.

Mais cette explication ne convainc pas les chercheurs : l'intensité des pics implique forcément un autre facteur. Et, si cela était dû à l'impact d'un astéroïde ou d'une comète, il aurait fallu que l'objet mesure plusieurs mètres. On aurait alors des traces physiques. Or, il n'y a rien de tel à proximité du cratère de Gale, dans lequel fore le robot. Les chercheurs penchent donc plutôt pour une activité biologique.

Fertilisant spatial
Pour ensemencer les futures stations spatiales, lunaires ou martiennes, les chercheurs ont décidé d'aller chercher le terreau du côté des astéroïdes, annonce le New Scientist. "Il y a apparemment assez d'engrais dans le système solaire pour faire pousser de quoi nourrir des générations de colons", indique le magazine scientifique britannique.

C'est aussi ce que devrait prouver la mission japonaise Hayabusa 2, qui a décollé le 3 décembre dernier. La sonde, qui se posera sur l'astéroïde 1999 JU3, est censée en rapporter des échantillons riches de composés organiques.
Un engrais nécessaire pour des missions spatiales dont la durée augmente.

"Les missions plus longues vont demander la compagnie des plantes, elle fournissent à la fois la nourriture [des astronautes] et un réconfort psychologique", indique Bratislav Stankovic, del'université de Science et de Technologie d'Ohrid, en Macédoine. Son équipe est l'une de celles qui ont conçu les mini fermes expérimentales de l'ISS, la station spatiale internationale.
COURRIER INTERNATIONAL - VIRGINIE LEPETIT

Astronomy picture of the day - 20-11-2014 - Apollo 11 Landing Site Panorama

014 December 20
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Apollo 11 Landing Site Panorama 
Neil ArmstrongApollo 11NASA
Explanation: Have you seen a panorama from another world lately? Assembled from high-resolution scans of the original film frames, this one sweeps across the magnificent desolation of the Apollo 11 landing site on the Moon's Sea of Tranquility. Taken by Neil Armstrong looking out his window of the Eagle Lunar Module, the frame at the far left (AS11-37-5449) is the first picture taken by a person on another world. Toward the south, thruster nozzles can be seen in the foreground on the left, while at the right, the shadow of the Eagle is visible toward the west. For scale, the large, shallow crater on the right has a diameter of about 12 meters. Frames taken from the Lunar Module windows about an hour and a half after landing, before walking on the lunar surface, were intended to initially document the landing site in case an early departure was necessary.

quinta-feira, 18 de dezembro de 2014

Astronomy picture of the day - 18-12-2014 - NGC 7331 and Beyond

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NGC 7331 and Beyond 
Image Credit & CopyrightTony Hallas
Explanation: Big, beautiful spiral galaxy NGC 7331 is often touted as an analog to our own Milky Way. About 50 million light-years distant in the northern constellation Pegasus, NGC 7331 was recognized early on as a spiral nebulaand is actually one of the brighter galaxies not included in Charles Messier's famous 18th century catalog. Since the galaxy's disk is inclined to our line-of-sight, long telescopic exposures often result in an image that evokes a strong sense of depth. The effect is further enhanced in this sharp image from a small telescope by galaxies that lie beyond the gorgeous island universe. The most prominent background galaxies are about one tenth the apparent size of NGC 7331 and so lie roughly ten times farther away. Their close alignment on the sky with NGC 7331 occurs just by chance. Seen through faint foreground dust clouds lingering above the plane of Milky Way, this visual grouping of galaxies is known as the Deer Lick Group.

quarta-feira, 17 de dezembro de 2014

Pintura digital - "Estranho planeta" - 17-12-2014

"Estranho planeta"

17-12-2014
JoanMira

Astronomy picture of the day - 17-12-2014 - Geminid Fireball over Mount Balang

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Geminid Fireball over Mount Balang 
Image Credit: Alvin Wu



Explanation: This was a sky to remember. While viewing the Geminids meteor shower a few days ago, a bright fireball was captured over Mt. BalangChina with particularly picturesque surroundings. In the foreground, a sea of light clouds slowly floated between dark mountain peaks. In the background, the constellation of Orion shone brightly, with the familiar three stars of Orion's belt visible near the image top right. Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky, is visible near the image center. The bright fireball flashed for only a fraction of second on the lower right. The source of the fireball was a pebble that intersected the protective atmosphere of Earth, originally expelled by the Sun-orbiting asteroid-like object 3200 Phaethon.

terça-feira, 16 de dezembro de 2014

Il Divo - "Unbreak my heart" - Video - Music

Il Divo
"Unbreak my heart"

Pintura digital - "Océan en furie" - 24-11-2014

"Océan en furie"

24-11-2014
JoanMira

Imagens do Mundo - Paris - France

Instalación de una pista de patinaje en el hall central del Grand Palais en París (Francia).

Astronomy picture of the day - 16-12-2014 - W5: Pillars of Star Formation

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W5: Pillars of Star Formation 
Image Credit: WISEIRSANASAProcessing & Copyright Francesco Antonucci
Explanation: How do stars form? Images of the star forming region W5 like those in the infrared by NASA's Wide Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) satellite provide clear clues with indications that massive stars near the center of empty cavities are older than stars near the edges. A likely reason for this is that the older stars in the center are actually triggering the formation of the younger edge stars. The triggered star formation occurs when hot outflowing gas compresses cooler gas into knots dense enough to gravitationally contract into stars. In the featured scientifically-colored infrared image, spectacular pillars, left slowly evaporating from the hot outflowing gas, provide further visual clues.W5 is also known as IC 1848, and together with IC 1805 form a complex region of star formation popularly dubbed the Heart and Soul Nebulas. The above image highlights a part of W5 spanning about 2,000 light years that is rich instar forming pillars. W5 lies about 6,500 light years away toward the constellation of Cassiopeia.

segunda-feira, 15 de dezembro de 2014

Astronomy picture of the day - 15-12-2014 - The Potsdam Gravity Potato

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The Potsdam Gravity Potato 
Image Credit: CHAMPGRACEGFZNASADLR
Explanation: Why do some places on Earth have higher gravity than others? Sometimes the reason is unknown. To help better understand the Earth's surface, sensitive measurments by the orbiting satellites GRACE and CHAMPwere used to create a map of Earth's gravitational field. Since a center for studying this data is in PotsdamGermany, and since the result makes the Earth look somewhat like a potato, the resulting geoid has been referred to as the Potsdam Gravity Potato. High areas on this map, colored red, indicate areas where gravity is slightly stronger than usual, while in blue areas gravity is slightly weaker. Many bumps and valleys on the Potsdam Gravity Potato can be attributed to surface features, such as the North Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the Himalayan Mountains, but others cannot, and so might relate to unusually high or low sub-surface densities. Maps like this also help calibrate changes in the Earth's surface including variable ocean currents and the melting of glaciers. The above map was made in 2005, but more recent and more sensitive gravity maps of Earth was produced in 2011.

domingo, 14 de dezembro de 2014

Astronomy picture of the day - 14-12-2014 - Molecular Cloud Barnard 68



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Molecular Cloud Barnard 68 
Image Credit: FORS Team8.2-meter VLT AntuESO
Explanation: Where did all the stars go? What used to be considered a hole in the sky is now known to astronomers as a dark molecular cloud. Here, a high concentration of dust and molecular gas absorb practically all the visible light emitted from background stars. The eerily dark surroundings help make the interiors of molecular clouds some of the coldest and most isolated places in the universe. One of the most notable of these dark absorption nebulae is a cloud toward the constellation Ophiuchus known as Barnard 68pictured above. That no stars are visible in the center indicates that Barnard 68 is relatively nearby, with measurements placing it about 500 light-years away and half a light-year across. It is not known exactly how molecular clouds like Barnard 68 form, but it is known that these clouds are themselves likely places for new stars to form. In fact, Barnard 68 itself has been found likely to collapse and form a new star system. It is possible to look right through the cloud in infrared light.

sábado, 13 de dezembro de 2014

Astronomy picture of the day - 13-12-2014 - The Infrared Visible Andromeda

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The Infrared Visible Andromeda 
Image Credit: Subaru Telescope (NAOJ), Hubble Space Telescope
Mayall 4M Telescope (KPNO, NOAO), Digitized Sky SurveySpitzer Space Telescope
Processing & Copyright: Robert Gendler
Explanation: This remarkable synthetic color composite image was assembled from archives of visible light and infrared astronomy image data. The field of view spans the Andromeda Galaxy (M31), a massive spiral a mere 2.5 million light-years away. In fact, with over twice the diameter of our own Milky Way, Andromeda is the largest nearby galaxy. Andromeda's population of bright young blue stars lie along its sweeping spiral arms, with the telltale reddish glow of star forming regions traced in space- and ground-based visible light data. But infrared data from the Spitzer Space Telescope, also blended directly into the detailed composite's red and green color channels, highlight the the lumpy dust lanes warmed by the young stars as they wind even closer to the galaxy's core. Otherwise invisible at optical wavelengths, the warm dust takes on orange hues. Two smaller companion galaxies, M110 (below) and M32 (above) are also included in the frame.

quinta-feira, 11 de dezembro de 2014

Astronomy picture of the day - 11-12-2014 - Moondog Night

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Moondog Night 
Image Credit & Copyright: Martin Ratcliffe
Explanation: In this night scene from the early hours of November 14, light from a last quarter Moon illuminates clouds above the mountaintop domes of Kitt Peak National Observatory near Tucson, Arizona. Bright Jupiter is just left of the overexposed lunar disk with a streak of camera lens flare immediately to the right, but that's no fireball meteor exploding near the center of the picture. Instead, from the roadside perspective a stunningly bright moondog or paraselene stands directly over Kitt Peaks's WIYN telescopeAnalogous to a sundog or parhelion, a paraselene is produced by moonlight refracted through thin, hexagonal, plate-shaped ice crystals in high cirrus clouds. As determined by the crystal geometry, paraselenae (plural) are seen at an angle of 22 degrees or more from the Moon. Compared to the bright lunar disk they are more often faint and easier to spot when the Moon is low. About 10 minutes after the photograph even this bright moondog had faded from the night.

quarta-feira, 10 de dezembro de 2014

Imagens do Mundo - Karo - Indonésia

Nueva erupción del Monte Sinabung en Karo (Indonesia).

Astronomy picture of the day - 10-12-2014 - Moonbow Beach

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Moonbow Beach 
Image Credit & Copyright: Rogelio Bernal Andreo (Deep Sky Colors)
Explanation: Like a rainbow at night, a beautiful moonbow shines above the western horizon in this deserted beach scene from Molokai Island, Hawaii, USA, planet Earth. Captured last June 17 in early morning hours, the lights along the horizon are from Honolulu and cities on the island of Oahu some 30 miles away. So where was the Moon? A rainbow is produced by sunlight internally reflected in rain drops from the direction opposite the Sun back toward the observer. As the light passes from air to water and back to air again, longer wavelengths are refracted (bent) less than shorter ones resulting in the separation of colors. And so the moonbow is produced as raindrops reflect moonlight from the direction opposite the Moon. That puts the Moon directly behind the photographer, still low and rising over the eastern horizon, a few days past its full phase.

terça-feira, 9 de dezembro de 2014

Os filhos da mÃe e os filhos da puta

Nós, todos que andam a sofrer cortes salariais, cortes de subsídios, aumentos de impostos que deixam os que pouco têm na penúria, os que recebem uma miséria de reforma, os que foram atirados para o desemprego e recebem um subsídio de miséria ou nem recebem subsídio (a maioria), os que recebem um miséria do denominada Rendimento Social de Inserção ou até nem sequer isso, os que ficaram sem casa, os que passam fome e já andam a mal-alimentar-se em Cantinas Sociais em moldes salazaristas (sopa do Sidónio) que foram implantadas pelo saudosista do "antigamente" e do fascismo, Mota Soares, dito ministro da solidariedade (do raio que o parta). Nós os que perdemos as casas e vimos as nossas famílias desestruturadas. Nós, os que passamos fome, os que não conseguem pagar as contas de eletricidade, da água, do gás, nem comprar comida por nos terem atirado literalmente para a miséria. Nós, esses, os miseráveis, somos os filhos da mãe.

Agora adivinhem quem são os filhos da puta!

Se a miséria em que estão envolvidos ou para ela caminham não vos permite raciocinar, não discernindo, por isso, quem são os filhos da puta, aconselho a que passeiem pelas bandas de Belém, de São Bento, do Terreiro do Paço, das ruas dos bancos e dos banqueiros, porque talvez o olfato vos ajude a apurar o discernimento.

Certo é que nós, os que estamos na miséria ou os que para lá caminham somos os Filhos da Mãe.

Então, já sabem quem são os Filhos da Puta? 

Apesar de haver putas que declaram publicamente que os políticos não são filhos delas, como a da fotografia, acreditemos que nem todas são frontais e sinceras. Haverá as que até têm vergonha dos filhos que têm e que então, por isso, estão muito caladinhas.

Astronomy picture of the day - 09-12-2014 - The Flame Nebula in Visible and Infrared

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The Flame Nebula in Visible and Infrared 
Image Credit & Copyright: Optical (RGB+Ha): Aldo Mottino & Ezequiel Bellocchio (Argentina); Infrared: ESO/J. Emerson/VISTA.
Explanation: What lights up the Flame Nebula? Fifteen hundred light years away towards the constellation of Orion lies a nebula which, from its glow and dark dust lanes, appears, on the left, like a billowing fire. But fire, the rapid acquisition of oxygen, is not what makes this Flame glow. Rather the bright star Alnitak, the easternmost star in the Belt of Orion visible just to the right of the nebula, shines energetic light into the Flame that knocks electrons away from the great clouds of hydrogen gas that reside there. Much of the glow results when the electrons and ionized hydrogen recombine. The above false-color picture of the Flame Nebula (NGC 2024) was taken is a composite of both visible and infrared light, the later energy band being where a young star cluster becomes visible. The Flame Nebula is part of the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex, a star-forming region that includes the famous Horsehead Nebula.

segunda-feira, 8 de dezembro de 2014

vÃo EmBoRa FiLhOs Da PuTa!



"Em Portugal e em grande parte da Europa já não se vive em democracia mas sim numa ditadura de autênticos parasitas dos cidadãos europeus. Uma vaga de intrujões, de oportunistas, de incompetentes, de pseudo-democratas, de fanáticos tecnocratas inspirados em políticas devastadoras à semelhança dos que conduziram o nazi-fascismo aos poderes, à guerra, à ocupação da Europa, ao holocausto e mortandade de milhões. Esta corja não merece respeito mas sim que os povos europeus os escorrassem dos poderes que ocuparam através de ignominia em que foram e são peritos. A indiferença como devastam a Europa é intolerável.
 
Portugal é mais uma pedra no xadrês desta Europa devastada. Os que enganadoramente conseguiram por eleições os poderes, com base em mentiras e mais mentiras, não são mais nem menos que iguais aos seus pares de grande parte dos países europeus dominados pelos ditos neoliberais, pelas troikas, por alemães merkelizados, etc.
 
A indignação dá azo a excessos. Que se aplique sem o respeito que não merecem. VÃO EMBORA FILHOS DA PUTA!
 
Dito assim não é democrático mas é humano. Ás pessoas, aos europeus, já pouco ou nada resta de respeito por esta gentalha que nos tem conduzido à desgraça, à fome, à miséria.
 
VÃO EMBORA FILHOS DA PUTA!"
Antonio Verissimo (Pagina Lusofona)

Imagens do Mundo - Filipinas - Miles de evacuados por el tifón Hagupit

Una familia de evacuados a causa de las inundaciones que ha causado el tifón Hagupit en Manila. Entre 15 y 20 tifones visitan cada año Filipinas durante la temporada lluviosa, que empieza por lo general en junio y concluye en noviembre.

Astronomy picture of the day - 08-12-2014 - Plato and the Lunar Alps

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Plato and the Lunar Alps 
Image Credit & Copyright: Richard Bosman
Explanation: The dark-floored, 95 kilometer wide crater Plato and sunlit peaks of the lunar Alps (Montes Alpes) are highlighted in this sharp digital snapshot of the Moon's surface. While the Alps of planet Earth were uplifted over millions of years as continental plates slowly collided, the lunar Alps were likely formed by a sudden collision that created the giant impact basin known as the Mare Imbrium or Sea of Rains. The mare's generally smooth, lava-flooded floor is seen below the bordering mountain range. The prominent straight feature cutting through the mountains is the lunar Alpine Valley (Vallis Alpes). Joining the Mare Imbrium and northern Mare Frigoris (Sea of Cold) the valley extends toward the upper right, about 160 kilometers long and up to 10 kilometers wide. Of course, the large, bright alpine mountain below and right of the valley is named Mont Blanc. The tallest of the lunar Alps, it reaches over 3 kilometers above the surface. Lacking an atmosphere, not to mention snow, the lunar Alps are probably not an ideal location for a winter vacation. Still, a 150 pound skier would weigh a mere 25 pounds on the Moon.

La chute des maîtres du Portugal

Jose Socrates lors d'un meeting de campagne en 2011. AFP PHOTO/ FRANCISCO LEONG
Les portes de la prison pour VIP d'Evora se sont ouvertes le 25 novembre pour laisser entrer l'ancien Premier ministre du Portugal José Socrates, au pouvoir de 2005 à 2011. L'établissement a également accueilli la semaine dernière le chef de la police des frontières du pays et, quelques mois auparavant, Armando Vara, ancien ministre adjoint de Socrates.
La détention provisoire de Socrates a été appliquée quatre mois après la libération conditionnelle de Ricardo Salgado [ex-président de la Banco Espírito Santo (BES)]. Elles ont été toutes deux décrétées par le même juge et les deux hommes sont accusés des mêmes délits : fraude fiscale et blanchiment. L'un est le politicien qui a dirigé le pays avec la majorité absolue de 2005 à 2009, l'autre était le 'premier banquier', l'administrateur de la famille la plus influente du pays, les Espírito Santo, celui qu'on a surnommé DDT, "Dono Disto Tudo","le maître de tout ça". "Tout ça" – au cas où un doute subsisterait – étant le Portugal.
L'ère Socrates : "Une époque terrifiante" 
Les symboles de ces temps heureux sont tombés en quatre mois. "Le pays était joyeux, tout était merveilleux, il y avait du travail pour tout le monde", se souvient l'économiste João Duque, président de l'Institut supérieur d'économie et de gestion. Ces cinq années de luxe ont commencé avec l'obtention de la majorité absolue par le socialiste. "Socrates était le grand promoteur et Salgado le grand banquier. Il y avait là une réunion d'intérêts qui bénéficiait aux deux parties", poursuit Duque. 
Salgado était l'administrateur de la BES, la première banque du pays, et des holdings de la famille, qui étendait son empire jusqu'en Europe, en Afrique et en Amérique latine. Au Portugal, personne ne battait d'un cil ou ne bougeait un paquet d'actions sans son consentement.
"Le pays a vécu une époque terrifiante", explique Jose António Saraiva, directeur de l'hebdomadaire Sol, que Socrates a essayé de fermer. "Socrates avait réuni cinq pouvoirs dans ses mains, une configuration sans précédent dans une démocratie européenne : le Parlement, le gouvernement, les médias (endettés auprès de la banque) la justice (deux jours avant son arrestation, il déjeunait encore avec le procureur général de l'époque) et la banque. Il avait placé certains de ses amis, comme Vara, à la tête de banques nationalisées. Il ne lui manquait que la banque privée, la BES, alors il a resserré ses liens avec Salgado."
Une entente parfaite entre le banquier et le politique 
Le premier gouvernement de Socrates a lancé d'importants travaux publics, qu'il a fallu financer. "La BES et d'autres banques lui ont prêté l'argent nécessaire parce que le rendement était bon et qu'elles avaient les garanties de l'Etat", explique João Duque. 
L'économiste se souvient d'opérations qui n'étaient pas très logiques, comme l'achat à un prix démesuré de la compagnie aérienne Portugália, en faillite, par TAP, une compagnie 100 % nationale. "Le principal actionnaire [de Portugália] était Espírito Santo", précise Duque. Selon lui, il s'était produit "une entente parfaite entre le banquier qui finance et le politique qui veut faire des travaux".
Socrates démissionne en mars 2011 et remet les clés du pays aux fonctionnaires de la troïka (FMI, BCE et CE) qui dirigent le sauvetage économique du pays. Il emporte avec lui la réputation acquise dans ces années heureuses ; ceux qui lui succèdent héritent de la facture. Comme il abhorre l'austérité, il se retire à Paris où il se consacre à l'oisiveté [José a repris ses études à l'Institut d'études politiques de Paris].
Suspicions de blanchiment depuis dix-sept ans
Le directeur du Sol se souvient de ses déjeuners avec lui. "C'était un menteur pathologique, raconte-t-il. Vous aviez l'impression qu'il vous ouvrait son cœur, qu'il se confiait à vous, mais tout ce qu'il disait n'était que mensonges. On ne savait jamais s'il mentait ou non. Je n'ai jamais rien vu de tel."
Socrates flirtait avec les suspicions de blanchiment et de trafic d'influence depuis dix-sept ans. Même son diplôme d'ingénieur, obtenu à presque 40 ans, soulevait des soupçons tout à fait fondés.
Sa collaboration avec Salgado a été fondamentale dans l'émission continue de dette publique qui a fini par emporter l'Etat et la banque dans la tourmente. "L'Etat émettait et la BES plaçait. La formule semblait parfaite", commente Duque. 
Lorsque le juge a accordé la liberté conditionnelle à Salgado en juillet 2014, Socrates s'est réjoui : "Les motifs de sa détention sont puérils", a-t-il déclaré dans son émission de télévision sur la chaîne RTP. En quatre mois, le juge Alexandre a démoli la réputation des symboles des "temps heureux" et du duo Espírito Santo-Socrates. 
Courrier International

domingo, 7 de dezembro de 2014

Astronomy picture of the day - 07-12-2014 - Aurora Shimmer, Meteor Flash

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Aurora Shimmer, Meteor Flash 
Image Credit & CopyrightBjørnar G. Hansen
Explanation: Northern Lights, or aurora borealis, haunted skies over the island of Kvaløya, near Tromsø Norway on 2009 December 13. This 30 second long exposure records their shimmering glow gently lighting the wintery coastal scene. A study in contrasts, it also captures the sudden flash of a fireball meteor from the excellent Geminid meteor shower in 2009 December. Streaking past familiar stars in the handle of the Big Dipper, the trail points back toward the constellation Gemini, off the top of the view. Both aurora and meteors occur in Earth's upper atmosphere at altitudes of 100 kilometers or so, but aurora caused by energetic charged particles from the magnetosphere, while meteors are trails of cosmic dust. Toward the end of this week the 2014 Geminids meteor shower will peak, although they will compete with the din of last quarter moonlight.

1° aniversario da morte de Nelson Mandela

África do Sul e o mundo assinalam esta sexta-feira o primeiro aniversário da morte de Nelson Mandela.
Carla Marina Mendes | cmendes@destak.pt
Faz esta sexta-feira um ano que o mundo se despediu de Nelson Mandela. Hoje, os sul-africanos recordaram o ex-presidente com rituais e orações cristãs, hindus, muçulmanas e até judaicas.
No Freedem Park, de Pretória, na cerimónia que assinalou o primeiro aniversário da morte do homem, cujo nome se confundio com a luta pela liberdade, primeiro houve barulho, com toda a África do Sul convidada a fazer três minutos e sete segundos de ruído, seguidos de outros três minutos de silêncio, que quiseram simbolizar os 67 anos de ação política de Mandela.
Aos pés da gigantesta estátua, que retrata um Madiba sorridente, depositaram-se flores, em homenagem a um homem que começou como rebelde, guerreiro num país de diferenças, separações e segregações. Foi contra elas que se insurgiu, contra um movimento, o apartheid, que lhe impunha um estatuto inferior devido apenas à cor da sua pele. Por isso, foi considerado um terrorista, condenado a prisão perpétua em 1964 e enclausurado numa prisão durante quase três décadas.
Mas não foram as grades que o impediram de continuar a lutar. A sua associação à oposição ao apartheid ultra-passou as fronteiras do país, correu mundo, transformando-o num símbolo vivo da luta pela liberdade. Liberdade que conseguiu, finalmente, em 1990. Aos 72 anos, por ordem do presidente Frederik Willem de Klerk, Nelson Mandela saiu da prisão.
Em 1993, dividiu com o presidente que o libertou o Nobel da Paz e foi o primeiro presidente negro da África do Sul(maio de 1994 a junho de 1999). Findo o mandato, dedicou-se aos direitos humanos e a causas sociais, até se retirar da vida pública, aos 85anos, mantendo-se ativo na luta contra a sida. 
Morreu a 5 de dezembro de 2013, depois de meses de luta contra uma infeção pulmonar.
Destak - Portugal

sábado, 6 de dezembro de 2014

Astronomy picture of the day - 06-12-2014 - Orion launch

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Orion Launch 
Image Credit: NASA, Bill Ingalls
Explanation: Headed for two orbits of planet Earth and a splashdown in the Pacific, Orion blazed into the early morning sky on Friday at 7:05am ET. The spacecraft was launched atop a United Launch Aliance Delta IV Heavy rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. Its first voyage into space on an uncrewed flight test, the Orion traveled some 3,600 miles from Earth, about 15 times higher than the orbital altitude of the International Space Station. In fact, Orion traveled farther into space than any spacecraft designed for astronauts since the Apollo missions to the Moon. The Orion crew module reached speeds of 20,000 miles per hour and temperatures approaching 4,000 degrees Fahrenheit as it re-entered Earth's atmosphere about 4.5 hours after launch.

sexta-feira, 5 de dezembro de 2014

Imagens do Mundo - Gelo e neve em Kottes - Austria

Imagen fantasmal de un pequeño santuario rodeado de hielo en los campos en torno a Kottes, en Austria. Día 3 de diciembre de 2014.

Desenho - "Au-delà du black hole"

"Au-delà du black hole"

05-12-2014
JoanMira

Astronomy picture of the day - 05-12-2014 - Milky Way over Moon Valley

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Milky Way over Moon Valley 
Image Credit & Copyright: Rafael Defavari
Explanation: Our Milky Way Galaxy arcs over a desolate landscape in this fantastic panoramic night skyview. The otherworldly scene looks across the arid, eroded terrain of the Valle de la Luna in the Chilean Atacama desert. Just along the horizon are lights from San Pedro, Chile, as well as the small villages of Socaire and Toconao, and a torturous winding road from the city of Calama to San Pedro. Taken on October 18th, the five panel mosaic also features the four galaxies easily visible from our fair planet's dark sky regions. At the far left, satellite galaxies known as the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds are framed by their terrestrial namesakes. Much fainter and at the right, beyond the Milky Way's central bulge, is the Andromeda Galaxy. The most distant in view, Andromeda lies some 2.5 million light-years away.

quarta-feira, 3 de dezembro de 2014

Imagens do Mundo - Guerra em Donetsk - Ucrânia

Apartamentos destruidos en una noche de bombardeos en el distrito Petrovskiy, de la ciudad ucraniana oriental de Donetsk, controlada por los rebeldes del RPD (DNR).

Astronomy picture of the day - 03-2-2014 - Sharpless 249 and the Jellyfish Nebula

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Sharpless 249 and the Jellyfish Nebula
Image Credit & Copyright: César Blanco González
Explanation: Normally faint and elusive, the Jellyfish Nebula is caught in this alluring telescopic mosaic. The scene is anchored right and left by two bright stars, Mu and Eta Geminorum, at the foot of the celestial twin while the Jellyfish Nebula is the brighter arcing ridge of emission with dangling tentacles below and right of center. In fact, the cosmic jellyfish is part of bubble-shaped supernova remnant IC 443, the expanding debris cloud from a massive star that exploded. Light from the explosion first reached planet Earth over 30,000 years ago. Like its cousin in astrophysical waters the Crab Nebula supernova remnant, the Jellyfish Nebula is known to harbor a neutron star, the remnant of the collapsed stellar core. An emission nebula cataloged as Sharpless 249 fills the field at the upper left. The Jellyfish Nebula is about 5,000 light-years away. At that distance, this narrowband composite image would be about 300 light-years across.