Peskisar

terça-feira, 31 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 31 - Dark Matter in a Simulated Universe

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Dark Matter in a Simulated Universe 
Illustration Credit & Copyright Tom Abel & Ralf Kaehler (KIPACSLAC), AMNH
Explanation: Is our universe haunted? It might look that way on this dark matter map. The gravity of unseen dark matter is the leading explanation for why galaxies rotate so fast, why galaxies orbit clusters so fast, why gravitational lenses so strongly deflect light, and why visible matter is distributed as it is both in the local universe and on the cosmic microwave background. The featured image from the American Museum of Natural History’s Hayden PlanetariumSpace Show Dark Universe highlights one example of how pervasive dark matter might haunt our universe. In this frame from a detailed computer simulation, complex filaments of dark matter, shown in black, are strewn about the universe like spider webs, while the relatively rare clumps of familiar baryonic matter are colored orange. These simulations are good statistical matches to astronomical observations. In what is perhaps a scarier turn of events, dark matter -- although quite strange and in an unknown form -- is no longer thought to be the strangest source of gravity in the universe. That honor now falls to dark energy, a more uniform source of repulsive gravity that seems to now dominate the expansion of the entire universe.

segunda-feira, 30 de outubro de 2017

Pintores Portugueses - Fernando Gaspar

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "pinturas de Fernando Gaspar"

Astronomy pictures of the day - 2017 October 30 - Orionid Meteors from Orion

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Orionid Meteors from Orion 
Image Credit & Copyright: Lu Shupei
Explanation: Meteors have been shooting out from the constellation of Orion. This was expected, as October is the time of year for the Orionids Meteor Shower. Pictured here, over a dozen meteors were caught in successively added exposures last weekend over Wulan Hada volcano in Inner MongoliaChina. The featured image shows multiple meteor streaks that can all be connected to a single small region on the sky called the radiant, here visible just above and to the left of the belt of Orion, The Orionids meteors started as sand sized bits expelled from Comet Halley during one of its trips to the inner Solar SystemComet Halley is actually responsible for two known meteor showers, the other known as the Eta Aquarids and visible every May. Next month, the Leonids Meteor Shower from Comet Tempel-Tuttle should also result in some bright meteor streaks.

Aaron - "U turn" (Lili) - Video - Music

"U turn (Lili)"

domingo, 29 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 29 - Night on a Spooky Planet

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Night on a Spooky Planet 
Image Credit & CopyrightStéphane Vetter (Nuits sacrées)
Explanation: What spooky planet is this? Planet Earth of course, on a dark and stormy night in 2013 at Hverir, a geothermally active area along the volcanic landscape in northeastern IcelandGeomagnetic storms produced the auroral display in the starry night sky while ghostly towers of steam and gas venting from fumaroles danced against the eerie greenish light. Tonight, there is also a chance for geomagnetic storms triggered by recent solar activity, so high-latitude skygazers should beware. Ghostly shapes may dance in your neighborhood pretty soon, too.

sábado, 28 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 28 - NGC 6369: The Little Ghost Nebula

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
NGC 6369: The Little Ghost Nebula 
Image Credit: Hubble Heritage TeamNASA
Explanation: Wraithlike NGC 6369 is a faint apparition in night skies popularly known as the Little Ghost Nebula. It was discovered by 18th century astronomer Sir William Herschel as he used a telescope to explore the medicinalconstellation Ophiucus. Herschel historically classified the round and planet-shaped nebula as a Planetary Nebula. But planetary nebulae in general are not at all related to planets. Instead they are gaseous shrouds created at the end of a sun-like star's life, the dying star's outer layers expanding into space while its core shrinks to become a white dwarf. The transformed white dwarf star, seen near the center, radiates strongly at ultraviolet wavelengths and powers the expanding nebula's glow. Surprisingly complex details and structures of NGC 6369 are revealed in this tantalizing image composed from Hubble Space Telescope data. The nebula's main round structure is about a light-year across and the glow from ionized oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen atoms are colored blue, green, and red respectively. Over 2,000 light-years away, the Little Ghost Nebula offers a glimpse of the fate of our Sun, which could produce its own planetary nebula about 5 billion years from now.

sexta-feira, 27 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 27 - Mirach's Ghost

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Mirach's Ghost 
Image Credit & Copyright: Kent Wood
Explanation: As far as ghosts go, Mirach's Ghost isn't really that scary. Mirach's Ghost is just a faint, fuzzy galaxy, well known to astronomers, that happens to be seen nearly along the line-of-sight to Mirach, a bright star. Centered inthis star field, Mirach is also called Beta Andromedae. About 200 light-years distant, Mirach is a red giant star, cooler than the Sun but much larger and so intrinsically much brighter than our parent star. In most telescopic views, glare and diffraction spikes tend to hide things that lie near Mirach and make the faint, fuzzy galaxy look like a ghostly internal reflection of the almost overwhelming starlight. Still, appearing in this sharp image just above and to the left of Mirach, Mirach's Ghost is cataloged as galaxy NGC 404 and is estimated to be some 10 million light-years away.

quarta-feira, 25 de outubro de 2017

Imagens do mundo - Peso da Régua, Portugal

Slide 6
Margens do Douro

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 25 - Marius Hills and a Hole in the Moon

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Marius Hills and a Hole in the Moon 
Image Credit: NASALunar Orbiter 2Inset: Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
Explanation: Could humans live beneath the surface of the Moon? This intriguing possibility was bolstered in 2009 when Japan's Moon-orbiting SELENE spacecraft imaged a curious hole beneath the Marius Hills region on the Moon, possibly a skylight to an underground lava tube. Follow-up observations by NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) indicated that the Marius Hills Hole (MHH) visually extends down nearly 100 meters and is several hundred meters wide. Most recently, ground penetrating radar data from SELENE has been re-analyzed to reveal a series of intriguing second echoes -- indicators that the extensive lava tubes exist under Marius Hills might extend down even kilometers and be large enough to house cities. Such tubes could shelter a future Moon colony from large temperature swings, micro-meteor impacts, and harmful solar radiation. Potentially, underground lava tubes might even be sealed to contain breathable air. These lava tubes likely formed when lunar volcanos were active billions of years ago. Pictured, the surface of Marius Hills region was captured in the 1960s by NASA's Lunar Orbiter 2 mission, while an inset image of the MHH is shown from NASA's continuing LRO. Several volcanic domes are visible, while Marius Crater is visible on the upper right.

terça-feira, 24 de outubro de 2017

Imagens do Porto - Torre dos Clérigos ao fundo

Slide 1
Telhados e cores do Porto

Artigo - “Todos falam da pequena nação marítima”: Portugal entre os países a visitar em 2018

A Lonely Planet, maior editora do mundo de guias de viagem coloca o nosso país como um destino que deve ser incluído na rota de qualquer viajante em 2018.

A Lonely Planet, editora de guia de viagens, é uma referência mundial para milhões de viajantes e a sua lista de tendências de viagem é seguida ‘religiosamente’ por quem adora viajar.

A viver um ‘boom’ sem precedentes na área do turismo, Portugal foi agora colocado numa restrita lista de dez países que devem ser visitados em 2018.

Na lista, o nosso país é destacado como “um centro dinâmico de arte, cultura e cozinha”, acessível em termos económicos e repleto de “maravilhas naturais”. Assim, e no entender da Lonely Planet, não é por acaso que “todos falam da pequena nação marítima”.

Economico - Portugal

Desenhos com objectos - Leque

Desenhos com objetos de Victor Nunes
"Leque"

Victor Nunes

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 24 - Haumea of the Outer Solar System

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Haumea of the Outer Solar System 
Illustration Credit: Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía
Explanation: One of the strangest objects in the outer Solar System has recently been found to have a ring. The object, named Haumea, is the fifth designated dwarf planet after PlutoCeresEris, and Makemake. Haumea's oblong shape makes it quite unusual. Along one direction, Haumea is significantly longer than Pluto, while in another direction Haumea has an extent very similar to Pluto, while in the third direction is much smaller. Haumea's orbit sometimes brings it closer to the Sun than Pluto, but usually Haumea is further away. Illustrated above, an artist visualizes Haumea as a cratered ellipsoid surrounded by a uniform ring. Originally discovered in 2003 and given the temporary designation of 2003 EL61, Haumea was renamed in 2008 by the IAU for a Hawaiian goddess. Besides the ring discovered this year, Haumea has two small moons discovered in 2005, named Hi'iaka and Namaka for daughters of the goddess.

segunda-feira, 23 de outubro de 2017

Artigo - Outra vez (5) - Cristiano Ronaldo The best !


PRÉMIOS FIFA: CRISTIANO RONALDO É O THE BEST 2017

Cristiano Ronaldo é o melhor jogador do Mundo de 2017 para a FIFA.

O internacional português foi distinguido em Londres, na gala The Best. 

O avançado do Real Madrid renova assim o título, que conquistou em 2016.

Cristiano Ronaldo vence pela quinta vez a distinção da FIFA, que durante vários anos foi em conjunto com a France Football, que atribui a Bola de Ouro.

Lionel Messi e Neymar Jr eram os outros nomeados.

O internacional português foi o melhor do mundo em 2017, 2016, 2014, 2013 e 2008. Refira-se que em 2008, ainda no Manchester United, o galardão era relativo a FIFA World Player of The Year.

Mais Futebol - Portugal

Imagenes del mundo - Clipper Race - Ciudad del Cabo (Sudáfrica)

El yate Sanya Serenity Coast navega hacia Ciudad del Cabo para completar la segunda ronda de la regata mundial Clipper Race en Cuidad del Cabo (Sudáfrica). La Clipper Race es una regata alrededor del mundo en la que competidores aficionados de 41 países harán 40.000 millas náuticas.

El yate Sanya Serenity Coast navega hacia Ciudad del Cabo para completar la segunda ronda de la regata mundial Clipper Race en Cuidad del Cabo (Sudáfrica). La Clipper Race es una regata alrededor del mundo en la que competidores aficionados de 41 países harán 40.000 millas náuticas.

Imagenes del mundo - Hanóver (Alemania)

Los primeros rayos de luz aparecen al amanecer entre un paseo de tilos de Hanóver (Alemania).
Los primeros rayos de luz aparecen al amanecer entre un paseo de tilos de Hanóver (Alemania).
HOLGER HOLLEMANN AP

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 23 - NGC 4993: The Galactic Home of an Historic Explosion

See Explanation.
Moving the cursor over the image will bring up an annotated version.
Clicking on the image will bring up the highest resolution version
available.
NGC 4993: The Galactic Home of an Historic Explosion 
Image Credit: NASA & ESA
Explanation: That reddish dot -- it wasn't there before. It's the dot to the upper left of galaxy NGC 4993's center, do you see it? When scanning the large field of possible locations of an optical counterpart to the unprecedentedgravitational wave event GW170817 in August, the appearance of this fading dot quickly became of historic importance. It pinpointed GW170817's exact location, thereby enabling humanity's major telescopes to examine the first everelectromagnetic wave counterpart to a gravitational wave event, an event giving strong evidence of being a short gamma-ray burst kilonova, the element-forming explosion that occurs after two neutron stars merge. The featured image oflenticular galaxy NGC 4993 by Hubble shows the fading dot several days after it was discovered. Analysescontinuing, include the physics of the explosion, what heavy elements formed, the similarity of the speeds of gravitational radiation and light, and calibrating a new method for determining the distance scale of our universe.

domingo, 22 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 22 - Two Black Holes Dancing in 3C 75

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Two Black Holes Dancing in 3C 75 
Image Credit: X-Ray: NASA/CXC/D. Hudson, T. Reiprich et al. (AIfA); Radio: NRAO/VLA/ NRL
Explanation: What's happening at the center of active galaxy 3C 75? The two bright sources at the center of this composite x-ray (blue)/ radio (pink) image are co-orbiting supermassive black holes powering the giant radio source 3C 75. Surrounded by multimillion degree x-ray emitting gas, and blasting out jets of relativistic particles the supermassive black holes are separated by 25,000 light-years. At the cores of two merging galaxies in the Abell 400 galaxy cluster they are some 300 million light-years away. Astronomers conclude that these two supermassive black holes are bound together by gravity in a binary system in part because the jets' consistent swept back appearance is most likely due to their common motion as they speed through the hot cluster gas at 1200 kilometers per second. Such spectacular cosmic mergers are thought to be common in crowded galaxy cluster environments in the distant universe. In their final stages the mergers are expected to be intense sources of gravitational waves.

sábado, 21 de outubro de 2017

Desenhos com objectos - Diversos

Desenhos com objetos de Victor Nunes
Diversos

Victor Nunes

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 21 - Lynds Dark Nebula 183

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Lynds Dark Nebula 183 
Image Credit & CopyrightFabian Neyer
Explanation: Beverly Lynds Dark Nebula 183 lies a mere 325 light-years away, drifting high above the plane of our Milky Way Galaxy. Obscuring the starlight behind it when viewed at optical wavelengths, the dark, dusty molecular cloud itself seems starless. But far infrared explorations reveal dense clumps within, likely stars in the early stages of formation as enhanced regions of the cloud undergo gravitational collapse. One of the closest molecular clouds, it is seen toward the constellation Serpens Caput. This sharp cosmic cloud portrait spans about half a degree on the sky. That's about 3 light-years at the estimated distance of Lynds Dark Nebula 183.

sexta-feira, 20 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 20 - A Beautiful Trifid

See Explanation.
Moving the cursor over the image will bring up an annotated version.
Clicking on the image will bring up the highest resolution version
available.
A Beautiful Trifid 
Image Credit & CopyrightChamaeleon Team - Franz Hofmann, Wolfgang Paech
Explanation: The beautiful Trifid Nebula is a cosmic study in contrasts. Also known as M20, it lies about 5,000 light-years away toward the nebula rich constellation Sagittarius. A star forming region in the plane of our galaxy, the Trifid does illustrate three different types of astronomical nebulae; red emission nebulae dominated by light from hydrogen atoms, blue reflection nebulae produced by dust reflecting starlight, and dark nebulae where dense dust clouds appear in silhouette. But the red emission region roughly separated into three parts by obscuring dust lanes is what lends the Trifid its popular name. Pillars and jets sculpted by newborn stars, below and left of the emission nebula's center, appear in famous Hubble Space Telescope close-up images of the region. The Trifid Nebula is about 40 light-years across. Just too faint to be seen by the unaided eye, it almost covers the area of the Moon in planet Earth's sky.

quinta-feira, 19 de outubro de 2017

Desenhos com objectos - Tesouras

Desenhos com objetos de Victor Nunes
Tesouras

Victor Nunes

Imagenes del mundo - Saltcoats, Escocia

Las olas se rompen contra el puerto de Saltcoats, en la costa oeste de Escocia, por el efecto de la tormenta Ophelia.
Las olas se rompen contra el puerto de Saltcoats, en la costa oeste de Escocia, por el efecto de la tormenta Ophelia.
ANDY BUCHANAN AFP

Imagenes del mundo - Aitrang (Alemania)

Varios botes permanecen amarrados en el lago Elbsee durante una puesta de sol en Aitrang (Alemania).
Varios botes permanecen amarrados en el lago Elbsee durante una puesta de sol en Aitrang (Alemania).
KARL-JOSEF HILDENBRAND AFP

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 19 - M51: The Whirlpool Galaxy

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
M51: The Whirlpool Galaxy 
Image Credit & CopyrightKerry-Ann Lecky Hepburn (Weather and Sky Photography)
Explanation: Find the Big Dipper and follow the handle away from the dipper's bowl until you get to the last bright star. Then, just slide your telescope a little south and west and you'll come upon this stunning pair of interacting galaxies, the 51st entry in Charles Messier's famous catalog. Perhaps the original spiral nebula, the large galaxy with well defined spiral structure is also cataloged as NGC 5194. Its spiral arms and dust lanes clearly sweep in front of its companion galaxy (bottom), NGC 5195. The pair are about 31 million light-years distant and officially lie within the angular boundaries of the small constellation Canes Venatici. Though M51 looks faint and fuzzy to the eye, deep images like this one can reveal striking colors and the faint tidal debris around the smaller galaxy

quarta-feira, 18 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 18 - Stars and Dust in Corona Australis

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Stars and Dust in Corona Australis 
Image Credit & Copyright: Eric Coles & Martin Pugh
Explanation: Blue dust clouds and young, energetic stars inhabit this telescopic vista, less than 500 light-years away toward the northern boundary of Corona Australis, the Southern Crown. The dust clouds effectively block light from more distant background stars in the Milky Way. But the striking complex of reflection nebulas cataloged as NGC 6726, 6727, and IC 4812 produce a characteristic blue color as light from the region's bright blue stars is reflected bythe cosmic dust. The dust also obscures from view stars still in the process of formation. At the left, smaller yellowish nebula NGC 6729 bends around young variable star R Coronae Australis. Just below it, glowing arcs and loopsshocked by outflows from embedded newborn stars are identified as Herbig-Haro objects. On the sky this field of view spans about one degree, corresponding to almost nine light-years at the estimated distance of the nearby star forming region.

segunda-feira, 16 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 october 16 - The Summer Triangle over the Great Wall

See Explanation.
Moving the cursor over the image will bring up an annotated version.
Clicking on the image will bring up the highest resolution version
available.
The Summer Triangle over the Great Wall 
Image Credit & Copyright: Steed Yu & NightChina.net
Explanation: Have you ever seen the Summer Triangle? The bright stars VegaDeneb, and Altair form a large triangle on the sky that can be seen rising in the northern spring during the morning, and rising in the northern fall during the evening. During summer months, the triangle can be found nearly overhead near midnight as three of the brightest stars on the sky. Featured here, along with the arch of the central band of our Milky Way Galaxy, the Summer Triangleasterism was captured this spring over the Great Wall of China. This part of the Great Wall, a World Culture Heritage Site, was built during the 6th century on the Yan Mountains. At the summit is Wangjinglou Tower from which, on a clear night, the lights of Beijing are visible in the distance.

Artigo - Incêndios : grande catastrofe em Portugal

A imagem mostra o incêndio que lavra em Braga

Mais de 500 fogos deflagraram este domingo, fazendo do 15 de outubro o “pior dia de incêndios do ano”, nas palavras de Patrícia Gaspar, porta-voz da Proteção Civil, aos jornalistas. Depois de casas ardidas e aldeias evacuadas, esta manhã de segunda-feira a Proteção Civil confirmou que há 27 mortos e mais de 50 feridos, entre os quais 15 em estado grave. “Os números não são definitivos”, alerta a Proteção Civil.
Por estar a aguardar as previsões da meteorologia, explicou a Proteção Civil, apenas às 11h desta manhã houve um briefing para atualizar as informações oficiais, designadamente no que diz respeito ao número de mortos. Inicialmente, com vários jornais a noticiarem que o número de mortos não seria inferior a 20 pessoas, a Proteção Civil dizia que a “informação que vem do terreno é contraditória”.
Observador - Portugal

domingo, 15 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 15 - On the Origin of Gold

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
On the Origin of Gold 
Illustration Credit: Dana BerryNASA
Explanation: Where did the gold in your jewelry originate? No one is completely sure. The relative average abundance in our Solar System appears higher than can be made in the early universe, in stars, and even in typical supernova explosions. Some astronomers have suggested, and many believe, that neutron-rich heavy elements such as gold might be most easily made in rare neutron-rich explosions such as the collision of neutron starsPictured here is an artist's illustration depicting two neutron stars spiraling in toward each other, just before they collide. Since neutron star collisions are also suggested as the origin of short duration gamma-ray bursts, it is possible that you already own a souvenir from one of the most powerful explosions in the universe.

sábado, 14 de outubro de 2017

Texto - "Puta que Pariu"

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "image filhos da puta"
E, subitamente, ligaram a lua. A paisagem inerte assim ficou, mas com pálido e cinzento luar recortando estranhas silhuetas…

Ao longe ouvia-se o uivar de animais : cães perdidos, lobos vadios… ?

Contemplando a via láctea, sentindo o ar delicadamente sereno e morno, até imaginei um universo maravilhoso e colorido onde morrer poderia ser o acordar de um sonho lindo ;

Infelizmente acordei…

E deparou-se-me o mundo habitual, feito de violência, trafulhice, mentiras, tudo sustentado por alarves manipulando seres com alavancas tipo pénis em formato xxl, ou maior... com que violam incautos  (ou não), la p'ra os lados dos "chefes" improváveis e de FDP reais que grassam  no Pais que é nosso…

E pensei, porque me veio à memoria, (eu que sou filosofo a mais), e porque de vez em quando penso, a frase brasileira de que tanto gosto : “Puta que pariu” ou no rectângulo continental : FodÅ-SSSSE !!!

14-10-2017



JoanMira     

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 14 - All-Sky Steve

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
All-Sky Steve 
Image Credit & CopyrightAlan Dyer, Amazingsky.com, TWAN
Explanation: Familiar green and red tinted auroral emission floods the sky along the northern (top) horizon in this fish-eye panorama projection from September 27. On the mild, clear evening the Milky Way tracks through the zenith of a southern Alberta sky and ends where the six-day-old Moon sets in the southwest. The odd, isolated, pink and whitish arc across the south has come to be known as Steve. The name was given to the phenomenon by the Alberta Aurora Chasers Facebook group who had recorded appearances of the aurora-like feature. Sometimes mistakenly identified as a proton aurora or proton arc, the mysterious Steve arcs seem associated with aurorae but appear closer to the equator than the auroral curtains. Widely documented by citizen scientists and recently directly explored by a Swarm mission satellite, Steve arcs have been measured as thermal emission from flowing gas rather than emission excited by energetic electrons. Even though a reverse-engineered acronym that fits the originally friendly name is Sudden Thermal Emission from Velocity Enhancement, his origin is still mysterious.

sexta-feira, 13 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 13 - Under the Galaxy

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Under the Galaxy 
Image Credit & CopyrightYuri Beletsky (Carnegie Las Campanas ObservatoryTWAN)
Explanation: The Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, stands above the southern horizon in this telephoto view from Las Campanas Observatory, planet Earth. In the dark September skies of the Chilean Atacama desert, the small galaxy has an impressive span of about 10 degrees or 20 Full Moons. The sensitive digital camera's panorama has also recorded a faint, pervasive airglow, otherwise invisible to the eye. Apparently bright terrestrial lights in the foreground are actually very dim illumination from the cluster of housing for the observatory astronomers and engineers. But the flattened mountain top along the horizon just under the galaxy is Las Campanas peak, home to the future Giant Magellan Telescope.

quinta-feira, 12 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 12 - NGC 1365: Majestic Island Universe

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
NGC 1365: Majestic Island Universe 
Image Credit & CopyrightDietmar HagerEric BensonTorsten Grossmann
Explanation: Barred spiral galaxy NGC 1365 is truly a majestic island universe some 200,000 light-years across. Located a mere 60 million light-years away toward the chemical constellation Fornax, NGC 1365 is a dominant member of the well-studied Fornax galaxy cluster. This impressively sharp color image shows intense star forming regions at the ends of the bar and along the spiral arms, and details of dust lanes cutting across the galaxy's bright core. At the core lies a supermassive black hole. Astronomers think NGC 1365's prominent bar plays a crucial role in the galaxy's evolution, drawing gas and dust into a star-forming maelstrom and ultimately feeding material into the central black hole.

quarta-feira, 11 de outubro de 2017

Expressões populares portuguesas - "Deixámos isso em banho-maria"


Résultat de recherche d'images pour "imagem de banho maria"

A expressão que usamos quando deixamos em suspenso ou adiamos um determinado assunto, cuja resolução ainda pode demorar a concretizar-se ; mas a verdade é que “deixar algo em banho-maria” remonta ao tempo da panelas de cobre e das velhas colheres de pau.


Durante o banho-maria, cozinham-se os alimentos dentro de um recipiente colocado num outro cheio de água quente. O método saiu dos laboratórios químicos que produziam produtos para as farmacêuticas ou criavam cosméticos, processos extremamente lentos.

Mas quem era Maria? Diz-se que era uma judia alquimista de Alexandria. Viveu trezentos anos antes do nascimento de Jesus de Nazaré e é a ela que se atribui a descoberta do “aquecimento lento e gradual através da água como alternativa à manipulação das substâncias diretamente no fogo”, escreve Andreia Vale no livro sobre expressões do dia-a-dia.

Mas Marias há muitas que utilizaram – e utilizam ainda hoje – esta técnica.

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 11 - Star Cluster NGC 362 from Hubble

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Star Cluster NGC 362 from Hubble 
Image Credit: Hubble WFC3NASAESAJ. HeylI. Caiazzo, & Javiera Parada (UBC)
Explanation: If our Sun were near the center of NGC 362, the night sky would glow like a jewel box of bright stars. Hundreds of stars would glow brighter than Sirius, and in many different colors. Although these stars could become part of breathtaking constellations and intricate folklore, it would be difficult for planetary inhabitants there to see -- and hence understand -- the greater universe beyond. NGC 362 is one of only about 170 globular clusters of stars that exist in our Milky Way Galaxy. This star cluster is one of the younger globulars, forming likely well after our Galaxy. NGC 362 can be found with the unaided eye nearly in front of the Small Magellanic Cloud, and angularly close to the second brightest globular cluster known, 47 Tucanae. The featured image was taken with the Hubble Space Telescope to help better understand how massive stars end up near the center of some globular clusters.

Futebol - Portugal 2, Suiça, 0



Apesar de nunca por lá ter passado durante a fase de apuramento, Portugal terminou no primeiro lugar do Grupo B e garantiu a qualificação directa para o Mundial 2018. Um triunfo por 2-0 sobre a Suíça permitiu à selecção portuguesa corrigir o passo em falso dado na jornada inicial, em Basileia. As duas equipas terminam empatadas com 27 pontos, mas a vantagem é portuguesa graças à superior diferença entre golos marcados e sofridos. Um autogolo de Djourou deu início às celebrações no Estádio da Luz, que subiram de tom quando André Silva ampliou o marcador. A noite acabou com jogadores e equipa técnica abraçados no relvado, unidos por uma bandeira nacional gigante, e o hino cantado “a cappella” pelas bancadas.

A missão estava cumprida com sucesso e a viagem marcada para a Rússia, anfitriã do Campeonato do Mundo. Será a décima fase final consecutiva para a selecção portuguesa, numa série que começou com o Euro 2000. Mas a caminhada para o Mundial 2018 começou com um tropeção, três meses depois de a equipa nacional ter-se sagrado campeã da Europa. A derrota na Suíça prometeu complicar a tarefa neste apuramento, até porque seria o início de uma série de nove triunfos consecutivos para os suíços, e a selecção foi obrigada a descer à terra. Portugal manteve a perseguição e na última jornada pulou para o primeiro lugar.

Publico - Portugal

terça-feira, 10 de outubro de 2017

Playing For Change - "With my own two hands" - Video - Music

"With my own two hands"


Fotos - "Jovem Oliveira"

"Jovem Oliveira"

09-10-2017
JoanMira

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 10 - Milky Way and Zodiacal Light over Australian Pinnacles

See Explanation.
Moving the cursor over the image will bring up an annotated version.
Clicking on the image will bring up the highest resolution version
available.
Milky Way and Zodiacal Light over Australian Pinnacles 
Image Credit & Copyright: Jingyi Zhang
Explanation: What strange world is this? Earth. In the foreground of the featured image are the Pinnacles, unusual rock spires in Nambung National Park in Western Australia. Made of ancient sea shells (limestone), how these human-sized picturesque spires formed remains a topic of research. The panorama was taken last month. A ray of zodiacal light, sunlight reflected by dust grains orbiting between the planets in the Solar System, rises from the horizon near the image center. Arching across the top is the central band of our Milky Way Galaxy. The planets Jupiter and Saturn, as well as several famous stars are also visible in the background night sky.

segunda-feira, 9 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 9 - Unusual Mountain Ahuna Mons on Asteroid Ceres

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Unusual Mountain Ahuna Mons on Asteroid Ceres 
Image Credit: Dawn MissionNASAJPL-CaltechUCLA, MPS/DLR/IDA
Explanation: What created this unusual mountain? Ahuna Mons is the largest mountain on the largest known asteroid in our Solar SystemCeres, which orbits our Sun in the main asteroid belt between Mars and JupiterAhuna Mons, though, is like nothing that humanity has ever seen before. For one thing, its slopes are garnished not with old craters but young vertical streaks. One hypothesis holds that Ahuna Mons is an ice volcano that formed shortly after a large impact on the opposite side of the dwarf planet loosened up the terrain through focused seismic waves. The bright steaks may be high in reflective salt, and therefore similar to other recently surfaced material such as visible in Ceres' famous bright spots. The featured double-height digital image was constructed from surface maps taken of Ceres last year by the robotic Dawn mission.

domingo, 8 de outubro de 2017

Chris Isaak - "Blue hotel" - Video - Music

"Blue hotel"

Tom Petty - "You don't know how it feels" - Video - Music

"You don't know how it feels"


Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 8 - Dark Molecular Cloud Barnard 68

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Dark Molecular Cloud Barnard 68 
Image Credit: FORS Team8.2-meter VLT AntuESO
Explanation: Where did all the stars go? What used to be considered a hole in the sky is now known to astronomers as a dark molecular cloud. Here, a high concentration of dust and molecular gas absorb practically all the visible light emitted from background stars. The eerily dark surroundings help make the interiors of molecular clouds some of the coldest and most isolated places in the universe. One of the most notable of these dark absorption nebulae is a cloud toward the constellation Ophiuchus known as Barnard 68pictured here. That no stars are visible in the center indicates that Barnard 68 is relatively nearby, with measurements placing it about 500 light-years away and half a light-yearacross. It is not known exactly how molecular clouds like Barnard 68 form, but it is known that these clouds are themselves likely places for new stars to form. In fact, Barnard 68 itself has been found likely to collapse and form a new star system. It is possible to look right through the cloud in infrared light.

sábado, 7 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 7 - Eclipsosaurus Rex

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Eclipsosaurus Rex 
Image Credit & CopyrightFred Espenak (MrEclipse.com)
Explanation: We live in an era where total solar eclipses are possible because at times the apparent size of the Moon can just cover the disk of the Sun. But the Moon is slowly moving away from planet Earth. Its distance is measuredto increase about 1.5 inches (3.8 centimeters) per year due to tidal friction. So there will come a time, about 600 million years from now, when the Moon is far enough away that the lunar disk will be too small to ever completely cover the Sun. Then, at best only annular eclipses, a ring of fire surrounding the silhouetted disk of the too small Moon, will be seen from the surface of our fair planet. Of course the Moon was slightly closer and loomed a little larger 100 million years ago. So during the age of the dinosaurs there were more frequent total eclipses of the Sun. In front of the Tate Geological Museum at Casper College in Wyoming, this dinosaur statue posed with a modern total eclipse, though. An automated camera was placed under him to shoot his portrait during the Great American Eclipse of August 21.

sexta-feira, 6 de outubro de 2017

Expressões populares portuguesas - "Isto não é a casa da Joana".


Résultat de recherche d'images pour "imagem de casa de prostitutas"

Estar à vontade não é estar “à vontadinha”, já diz o bom português. E há pessoas que não entendem onde está o limite quando se 
relacionam com alguém.


Joana foi uma mulher do século XIV, condessa da Provença e rainha de Nápoles. Em 1347, Joana tinha 21 anos e decidiu impor regras aos bordéis de Avignon, para onde fugiu quando se tornou suspeita da morte do marido ou – porque a história tem duas versões, alerta o livro – foi expulsa da Igreja devido à vida boémia que levava.

A regra da Joana: todos os estabelecimentos de prostituição tinham de ter uma porta (fechada) para bater antes de entrar.

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 6 - Global Aurora at Mars

2017 October 6
See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Global Aurora at Mars 
Image Credit: MAVENLASP, University of ColoradoNASA
Explanation: A strong solar event last month triggered intense global aurora at Mars. Before (left) and during (right) the solar storm, these projections show the sudden increase in ultraviolet emission from martian aurora, more than 25 times brighter than auroral emission previously detected by the orbiting MAVEN spacecraft. With a sunlit crescent toward the right, data from MAVEN's ultraviolet imaging spectrograph is projected in purple hues on the night side of Mars globes simulated to match the observation dates and times. On Mars, solar storms can result in planet-wide aurora because, unlike Earth, the Red Planet isn't protected by a strong global magnetic field that can funnel energetic charged particles toward the poles. For all those on the planet's surface during the solar storm, dangerous radiation levels were double any previously measured by the Curiosity rover. MAVEN is studying whether Mars lost its atmosphere due to its lack of a global magnetic field.

quinta-feira, 5 de outubro de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 5 - Pluto's Bladed Terrain

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Pluto's Bladed Terrain 
Image Credit: NASAJohns Hopkins Univ./APLSouthwest Research Institute
Explanation: Imaged during the New Horizons spacecraft flyby in July 2015, Pluto's bladed terrain is captured in this close-up of the distant world. The bizarre texture belongs to fields of skyscraper-sized, jagged landforms made almost entirely of methane ice, found at extreme altitudes near Pluto's equator. Casting dramatic shadows, the tall, knife-like ridges seem to have been formed by sublimation. By that process, condensed methane ice turns directly to methane gas without passing through a liquid phase during Pluto's warmer geological periods. On planet Earth, sublimation can also produce standing fields of knife-like ice sheets, found along the high plateau of the Andes mountain range. Known as penitentes, those bladed structures are made of water ice and at most a few meters tall.

quarta-feira, 4 de outubro de 2017

Lisboa, uma cidade fantastica - Video

LISBOA

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 4 - The Soul Nebula in Infrared from Herschel

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
The Soul Nebula in Infrared from Herschel 
Image Credit & LicenseESAHerschel Space Obs.NASAJPL-Caltech
Explanation: Stars are forming in the Soul of the Queen of Aethopia. More specifically, a large star forming region called the Soul Nebula can be found in the direction of the constellation Cassiopeia, who Greek mythology credits as the vain wife of a King who long ago ruled lands surrounding the upper Nile river. The Soul Nebula houses several open clusters of stars, a large radio source known as W5, and huge evacuated bubbles formed by the winds of young massive stars. Located about 6,500 light years away, the Soul Nebula spans about 100 light years and is usually imaged next to its celestial neighbor the Heart Nebula (IC 1805). The featured image, impressively detailed, was taken last month in several bands of infrared light by the orbiting Herschel Space Observatory.

terça-feira, 3 de outubro de 2017

"Lisboa vista do céu" - Video

"Lisboa vista do céu"

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 3 - Ice Ring around Nearby Star Fomalhaut

See Explanation.  Clicking on the picture will download
 the highest resolution version available.
Ice Ring around Nearby Star Fomalhaut 
Image Credit: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO), M. MacGregor; NASA/ESA Hubble, P. Kalas; B. Saxton (NRAO/AUI/NSF)
Explanation: Why is there a large ice ring around Fomalhaut? This interesting star -- easily visible in the night sky -- lies only about 25 light-years away and is known to be orbited by at least one planet, Dagon, as well as several inner dust disks. More intriguing, perhaps, is an outer ring, first discovered about 20 years ago, that has an unusually sharp inner boundary. The featured recent image by the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) shows this outer ring with complete and unprecedented detail -- in pink -- superposed on a Hubble image of the Fomalhaut system in blue. A leading theory holds that this ring resulted from numerous violent collisions involving icy comets and planetesimals, the component objects of planets, while the ring boundaries are caused by the gravity of yet unseen planets. If correct, any interior planets in the Fomalhaut system are likely being continually pelted by large meteors and comets -- an onslaught last seen in our own planetary system four billion years ago in an episode called the Late Heavy Bombardment.

Playing For Change - "Haiti oh" - Video - Music - Live outside

"Haiti oh"

Tom Petty - "Learning to fly" - Video - Music

"Learning to fly"

segunda-feira, 2 de outubro de 2017

Sitios lindos de Portugal - Bosque no Jardim Publico - Evora

Fotos Portugal Evora
Bosque no Jardim Publico

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 October 2 - Two Comets and a Star Cluster

See Explanation.
Moving the cursor over the image will bring up an annotated version.
Clicking on the image will bring up the highest resolution version
available.
Two Comets and a Star Cluster 
Image Credit & CopyrightDamian Peach
Explanation: Two unusual spots are on the move near the famous Pleiades star cluster. Shifting only a small amount per night, these spots are actually comets in our nearby Solar System that by chance wandered into the field of thelight-years distant stars. On the far left is comet C/2017 O1 ASAS-SN, a multi-kilometer block of evaporating ice sporting a bright coma of surrounding gas dominated by green-glowing carbon. Comet ASAS-SN1 shows a slight tail to its lower right. Near the frame center is comet C/2015 ER61 PanSTARRS, also a giant block of evaporating ice, but sporting a rather long tail to its right. On the upper right is the Pleiades, an open cluster dominated by bright blue stars illuminating nearby reflecting dust. This exposure, taken about two weeks ago, is so deep that the filamentary interstellar dust can be traced across the entire field. The Pleiades is visible to the unaided eye, but it should require binoculars to see the comets.