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terça-feira, 20 de junho de 2017

Astronomy picture of the day - 2017 June 20 - The Massive Stars in Westerlund 1

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The Massive Stars in Westerlund 1 
Image Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA
Explanation: Star cluster Westerlund 1 is home to some of the largest and most massive stars known. It is headlined by the star Westerlund 1-26, a red supergiant star so big that if placed in the center of our Solar System, it would extend out past the orbit of Jupiter. Additionally, the young star cluster is home to 3 other red supergiants, 6 yellow hypergiant stars, 24 Wolf-Rayet stars, and several even-more unusual stars that continue to be studied. Westerlund 1 is relatively close-by for a star cluster at a distance of 15,000 light years, giving astronomers a good laboratory to study the development of massive stars. The featured image of Westerlund 1 was taken by the Hubble Space Telescopetoward the southern constellation of the Altar (Ara). Although presently classified as a "super" open clusterWesterlund 1 may evolve into a low mass globular cluster over the next billion years.

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